Here is a list of toxic foods for dogs and information on each type of food.
List of human foods:
Everyone loves chocolate, even dogs. How can anyone resist the sweet treat? Well, just because they love it, doesn’t mean that they should be eating it. Chocolate can be potential very dangerous for your dog. Why is this? Because chocolate contains a chemical that is called Theobromine.
While this chemical doesn’t really affect people who eat chocolate, it can be very dangerous for your dog, especially if it is a small dog. Ingesting a lot of it can potentially lead to poisoning. Not only that, but chocolate contains a lot of fat, which is something your dog does not need either.
If you have given your dog some chocolate and you notice that he is panting, breathing heavily or vomiting, then he might have eaten too much chocolate, which means that you should take him to see the vet right away. There are some chocolates that have less of the chemical than others, but really, your best bet is to have your dog stay away from all chocolate in general.
Grapes and Raisins
Some people are under the impression that all fruits are safe to eat, no matter the species. But that could not be farther from the truth. Grapes and raisins are very bad for your dog. The worst thing about it is that vets don’t even know why grapes and raisins cause negative reactions when dogs eat them – they just do.
The problem with these fruits is that they are very small, and you could end up accidentally dropping some on the floor without even noticing. And as you know, a dog will pretty much eat anything off of the floor.
If you see that your dog has ingested a grape, you should try to make them vomit. If the dog is already showing signs of discomfort and sickness, you should be running to the vet to get them checked out. Grapes and raisins can be toxic for dogs, it’s as simple as that.
It is not very likely that your dog will be too crazy about onions but in case your dog is has a bit of a sweet tooth for this veggie, you should know that onions are actually toxic for dogs. This is because of a substance called Thiosulphate that can cause a type of anemia where the dog’s red blood cells are basically destroyed.
Onions are highly toxic for dogs and even as little as 600 grams can be very harmful. In addition, the toxicity can build up over time so small but frequent amounts of onions are bad as well. You should be careful not to give your dog any foods that contain onions and the same goes for onion powder and all similar products.
Signs of poisoning include diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy and difficulty breathing. If your dog does eat some onions, try to induce vomiting and take him to the vet.
Everyone knows that avocados are extremely healthy and good for you, because of their high vitamin and Omega fatty acid content. However, what’s good for you is not necessarily good for your dog, and this is particularly the case when it comes to avocados.
Avocados contain Persin, a substance that is also found in the leaves and the bark of the avocado tree. Persin is harmful for dogs, however in a different degree depending on the size of the dog and some other factors.
Some dogs are not even affected by Persin, some get mildly nauseous, some vomit and some have more serious problems. It’s hard to tell what kind of reaction your dog will have to avocados so it’s best to avoid them altogether. The pit of the avocado is also dangerous if swallowed, so make sure to keep your avocados somewhere where your dog can find them.
Of course no one would give their dog something that has mold on it, but dogs can be curious when it comes to food and some of them will eat just about anything, including moldy foods, like moldy bread you left out for birds, for example.
Mold that grows on food can cause Mycotoxicosis, a dangerous condition that requires prompt medical attention. Symptoms of Mycotoxicosis include diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, lethargy, excessive sleepiness, difficulty breathing, excessive drooling and even seizures. This condition can be fatal so if you notice your dog eating moldy foods take him to the vet immediately, preferably with a sample of what he’s eaten.
In some cases mild poisoning can be very mild, but you don’t want to take any chances. Keep your eyes open for mushrooms that may grow in your backyard or in the area where you walk the dog, since Mycotoxicosis can also be caused by some types of mushrooms.
Some vets say that dogs don’t need salt at all, others say that a bit of salt is actually good for them, but all experts agree that too much salt can be very bad for your dog. We are not talking just table salt from a shaker – even though some dogs have the penchant for licking it.
You should also be careful about the food you share with your dog, such as leftovers from dinner, chips that fall to the ground, etc. Like people, when dogs eat salty foods, they get thirsty. They quench the thirst by drinking large amounts of water, which leads to more urination and possibly to diarrhea and vomiting. In addition, it may harm the kidneys.
So pay attention to the amount of salty foods you give your dog. Keep salt shakers and packaging away from the reach of your dog and avoid giving him leftovers that are particularly salty.
Many people give dairy products to their dogs, especially cheese, because they think dogs need calcium from milk and dairy. While this may be true for puppies, you should also bear in mind that, like people, dogs can be lactose intolerant or even allergic to this sugar from milk.
Adverse reactions that may occur in some dogs after eating dairy products include diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain or discomfort, gas, lethargy and weight loss. If you notice that your dog has loose stool or any of the symptoms mentioned above, it’s best to avoid feeding him dairy altogether.
Dogs that are lactose intolerant or allergic should not eat any cheese, yogurt, cream, ice cream, milk or foods containing dairy. In case of moderate adverse reactions, like passing gas or mild diarrhea, if your dog really loves dairy, switch to low lactose products, such as American cheese or lactose-free products.
It may sound strange, but meat bones are not really good for dogs. We usually associate dogs with bones as their favorite food, but the truth is that bones can actually be quite dangerous. First of all, meat bones are a choking hazard. Some bones are particularly brittle and when your dog chews on them, splinters may come off and get stuck in his mouth or esophagus, leading to choking.
Furthermore, some types of meat bones are very dense and difficult to digest. Such bones may cause severe constipation in dogs, which can be a serious problem that requires an intervention from a vet.
Most dogs, however, enjoy chewing on a nice, fat bone, so if you really want to treat your dog with one, make sure it’s a kind of bone that doesn’t break easily and that is not too big or hard to digest. Pick medium-sized or smaller bones and keep an eye on your dog while he’s going at it.
Garlic is bad for dogs for the same reason onions are. In fact, these two veggies come from the same family, called Allium, together with chives and shallots. Like onions, garlic can cause a condition called hemolytic anemia, a type of anemia in which red blood cells are destroyed.
This effect of garlic is not necessarily connected with the ingestion of large quantities of the vegetable. The effect can also be accumulative, meaning that small amounts of garlic over an extended period of time can also lead to anemia. In addition, garlic can be harsh for the stomach lining of your dog, leading to gastroenteritis and ulcers.
The harmful effect of garlic also depends on the size of the dog – just half a clove can cause problems for a 12-pound dog, while for a larger dog of, say, 80 pounds, the harmful amount is 2.5 cloves. Keep your garlic someplace where your dog can’t reach it and avoid giving him foods that contain garlic or garlic powder.
No one really gives yeast to dogs, but dogs have a way of getting their paws on all sorts of things and they may end up eating some yeast that’s, for example, left on the counter after baking. Yeast is dangerous for dogs for two reasons.
First, a dog’s stomach is a warm, moist environment in which yeast thrives. It can expand and cause the stomach to expand as well, which might cause bowel obstruction or even cut off the blood flow and disrupt breathing. The other reason is associated with alcohol poisoning. Yeast has the ability to ferment sugars.
Fermented sugars can be absorbed into the bloodstream of your dog and produce carbon dioxide, leading to alcohol poisoning. Symptoms include disorientation, drooling, lethargy, vomiting and weakness. This is a serious thing that can potentially be fatal. All this, of course, applies for the live yeast. Foods baked with yeast are safe.
Macadamia nuts are dangerous for dogs because they are a choking hazard. Everyone knows that, it’s common sense. But not many dog owners are aware of the fact that these nuts are actually toxic for dogs. It’s unclear what is it about macadamia nuts that makes them toxic for canines, but they definitely are.
The minimum amount of these nuts that may cause toxicity is 2 grams per every 2.2 pounds of weight. The smaller the dog, the higher the risk, of course. The symptoms of macadamia nut poisoning usually start within 12 hours and include vomiting, diarrhea, sleepiness, depression, fever and tremors.
If you suspect your dog might have eaten some macadamia nuts, take him to the vet as soon as possible. Avoid leaving open cans of nuts around the house. When using macadamia nuts in the kitchen, check to see if you accidentally dropped any on the floor where your dog can find them.
You’ve probably seen people trying to give their dogs beer at parties because they think it’s funny. But it really isn’t funny. In fact, it is very dangerous. If a dog ingests alcohol, it can have serious repercussions on its health.
Particularly, the dog could experience problems with its nervous and digestive system if a large amount of alcohol is consumed. Obviously, alcohol can have a negative effect on humans too, but the thing is that smaller amounts of alcohol can have negative effects on dogs, and the signs of intoxication will be more noticeable more quickly.
It’s even more dangerous to give a dog alcohol on an empty stomach, because that will increase the speed at which it enters the blood stream and starts affecting your pet. Just don’t do it. And don’t leave your alcoholic beverages in the open. Also, make sure you clean up your drinks if you spill them on the floor.
Like with most other fruits that are not good for dogs, the pit of the peach is without a doubt the worst. Peaches are healthy, and dogs should probably be able to eat the regular parts of the fruit, though it’s definitely not advised.
However, the pit is where the brunt of the problem lies. As in most other cases, you can find small traces of cyanide in the pit of a peach, not to mention that if your dog does swallow the pit, it can get lodged in the digestive tract.
Of course, if a dog gets its paws on a peach, it’s going to eat the whole thing. That is why it’s important to keep this fruit, like any other fruit with pits, away from the dog at all times. If you notice that your dog is vomiting and has diarrhea, then it might have eaten the pit of a peach.
It makes sense that gum is not the ideal snack for your dog. First of all, it’s sticky and annoying and it has no nutritional value whatsoever, so your dog has absolutely no use for it. However, there is one more serious reason why you should never allow your dog to eat chewing gum – gum contains an artificial sweetener called Xylitol, which can be dangerous to dogs.
Xylitol from the chewing gum may cause nausea vomiting, disorientation, dizziness, lack of coordination, lethargy and seizures. In addition, this substance can make the pancreas produce more insulin, which in turn lowers the blood sugar levels to dangerously low, leading to liver damage and other harmful effects.
All this happens rather quickly and sometimes, unfortunately, there is simply no time to react. So it’s probably the best to keep all your gum away from where your dog can reach it and eat it.